Arlington's central location in the Washington metropolitan area, its ease of access by both automobile and public transportation, and its high quality labor force, have attracted an increasingly varied employment and residential mix. Intensive development especially in the Metrorail corridors, including high-rise apartments, office buildings, and commercial areas, has transformed the landscape and the rhythm of life in Arlington.
Arlington was originally part of the 10-mile square surveyed in 1791 for the District of Columbia. In response to requests from residents, the Congress returned the portion of the District on the west bank of the Potomac River to the Commonwealth of Virginia. Established March 13, 1847 as Alexandria County, the name was changed to Arlington on March 16, 1920. The county is named for the estate where George Washington Parke Custis lived before he built the house currently known as Arlington House in Arlington National Cemetery. The estate had been named to honor the Earl of Arlington.
Arlington is a world-class business location in the country's most influential region and the power capital of the globe. Principal businesses in Arlington are government and tourism services. The largest private employers include Bell Atlantic Management Services, the Gannett Company (publishers of USA Today), and USAir. With its superb transportation, communications infrastructure, work force and business climate, Arlington is a powerful address for organizations seeking direct access to Washington, D.C., and the global marketplace.
Arlington as a Communications Hub
Arlington has been on the cutting edge of technology since the dawn of the digital revolution. The Internet was born here, at the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency and the National Science Foundation. Today, Arlington is at the center of the region known as the "Netplex," as Fortune magazine has dubbed the nation's fastest growing communications hub.
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